Periodontal disease or periodontal disease is more common than caries. It starts with inflammation of the gums - gingivitis, which most often manifests itself as bleeding when brushing your teeth.
Initially, the inflammation is limited to the gums, but later progresses to depth, where it causes gradual bone loss, causing the teeth to become loose. Persistent inflammation in the oral cavity also means a burden on the whole organism, which must defend itself against inflammation and can affect systemic health, and often leads to premature birth in pregnant women.
Therefore, we teach patients about proper dental care at the first examination (use of interdental brushes!) And even after the first cleaning, we make sure that the periodontal tissues are healthy. If the inflammation persists, we do an even more detailed analysis with digital measurement of periodontal tissue loss and decide on further therapy, which can be conservative - laser disinfection of the "pockets" and smoothing of the roots, or more invasive, with lobe surgery of the gums.
Recently, we are also increasingly performing microsurgical operations on periodontal tissues, where, using augmentation and special instruments, we perform regenerative and resective procedures on periodontal tissues. It is also possible to treat gingival recessions, which are becoming an increasingly common problem, mainly due to bare tooth necks and the consequent increased sensitivity to temperature and root caries.